The diagnose of agrotourist base in the świętokrzyskie voivodship in aspects of integration processes

key words: agrotourism, tourist base, rural development, infrastructure, rural tourism


The most serious barrier in the development of extra-agricultural activity in rural areas is the poor level of the development of both technical and social infrastructure in the country. Increase in outlays on the development of technical infrastructure in the first half of the 1990s contributed in many regions of Poland to the development of comparatively new tourist service offered by individual farmers in their own farms, called agricultural tourism and rural tourism. The development of tourist services in rural areas in Poland, should be conformable with regional strategies of the development, because, as the example of the European Union countries shows, agricultural tourism and rural tourism not only stimulates the development of regional infrastructure, but at the same time it favours the preservation of old relics of rural architecture and development of economic initiatives in rural areas. Świętokrzyskie voivodship is one of the viovodships in which the rural areas are of great importance. These areas are inhabited by more than half of the population and the issues concerning them are among the most important questions. Very essential are demographic problems, of which especially the worsening of the age structure which is the consequence of the drop of the natural increase and the negative migration balance. The results of the Census showed that agriculture remains the main source of income only for a small part of them. There is also a distinctive division of the voivodship into the northern part with small agricultural holdings and southern in which the agriculture plays a much more important part. Despite the decrease in differences between urban and rural areas they are still visible. The rural areas are not as good as urban areas in the field of infrastructure and access to basic technical-sanitary installations remains insufficient. In the period of political transformation Polish agriculture was very neglected. Divided farms in connecting with low quality of soil conducts to serious difficulty in effective farming. This situation seriously determined state agriculture politic. Main items of state to head towards structural changes of country areas are first of all actions in conducting to increase of employment in poseagriculture sectors at agriculture areas, support of consolidate institutions of regional development Realization these items should be consistent with trend of EU structural politic. There is small percentage in general touristic movement 60-80 thousand in the Świętokrzyskie Province, but at farthest dynamic development of agrotouristic base, participation will grow on village resting. Refreshment in agrotouristic farms at weak in base dormitory in the Świętokrzyskie Province, it can in greatest degree than other ventures contribute to growth of revenue of rural population and effect moderating big jobs. Particular areas take a stand in saint cross province for rational refreshment on village, on nature, to clean conditions of natural environments ecologically.


Pałka E. 2007. The diagnose of agrotourist base in the świętokrzyskie voivodship in aspects of integration processes. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2007/ 1