Influence of drip irrigation on insects occurence in cultivation of two cultivars of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.)

key words: squash plants, insects, drip irrigation

Summary:

The field experiments were carried out in Kruszyn Krajeński near Bydgoszcz during the 2005–2006. The influence of drip irrigation on insects oc-cupying of two cultivars of summer squash ‘Danka’ and ‘Sweet Dumpling’ were investigated. On the base of the received results was proved that on the squash ‘Danka’ phytophagous insects significantly more appeard. From phytophagous insects the largest group was Homoptera, and among them Cicadellidae. The signifi-cantly large number of insects were found on the drip irrigated plants (44 pcs x plot-1), in comparison to non-irrigated (34 pcs x plot-1). The Empoasca pteridis Dahlbom., Eupteryx atropunctata Goeze and Macrosteles laevis Ribaut, were represented in total number of all Cicadellidae in 65, 17 and 7%, respectively. Heteroptera was represented by Lygus rugulipennis Popp., Trigonotylus coeles-tialium Kirk. and beneficial Anthocoridae as well as Nabidae. The ‘Sweet Dumpling’ cultivar was also occupying more often by the Ho-moptera. The most abundant insects were Empoasca pteridis Dahlbom (42%), Eupteryx atropunctata Goeze (32%), Macrosteles laevis Ribaut and Psammotettix alienus Dahlbom (10%) of all Cicadellidae. Beneficial and phytophagous Het-eroptera appeared as less abundant.

Citation:

Lamparski R., Rolbiecki R., Piesik D. 2009. Influence of drip irrigation on insects occurence in cultivation of two cultivars of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo L.). Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2009/ 03