Yielding of blueberries on Szczecin Lowland depending on rainfall and irrigation

key words: blueberry, drip irrigation, rainfall, yield, light soil

Summary:

Field experiments was carried in ES Lipnik belonging to Western Pomera-nia University of Technology in Szczecin. Blueberry cv. ‘Patriot’ was cultivated in th years of 2000-2008 on the acid brown soil which is belong to IVb soil class. The soil was characterized by small amount of nutrient availability of phospho-rus and potassium and low acid reaction. Blueberry was cultivated in different water conditions: O-control (without supplemental irrigation), W- irrigated ob-jects. Plants were irrigated using dropping line with efficiency of 2,4 l.h-1 keeping soil moisture on the level of 0,01 MPa, registered by tensiometers. Also in these studies productivity of two and ten years old blueberry plants treated or not with supplemental irrigation were evaluated. Average crop of berries harvested in this experiment equal 7,61 t.ha-1 (tab.3). Yield from not irrigated plots equal only 4,92 t.ha-1. It appeared that sup-plemental irrigation gave proper soil moisture for blueberries and the good yield and the amount of used water particularly in June and July depended on natural precipitation. As effect of supplemental irrigation the average crop of berries equal 5,38 t.ha-1 and was 109,2% bigger comparing to control (without supple-mental irrigation). Productive effect of drip irrigation was in full correlation with amount of used water applied in the whole vegetation period (from IV to IX). Analysis of the yielding of blueberry depending on the doses of irrigation in different periods of vegetation (from IV to IX and in critical period from V to VI) significant increase was obtained when irrigation was used in May, June and July (critical stage for blueberry).

Citation:

Rumasz-Rudnicka E., Koszański Z., Jaroszewska A. 2009. Yielding of blueberries on Szczecin Lowland depending on rainfall and irrigation. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2009/ 03