Changes of chemical composition of fruit of cherry cultivated on different water and fertilizer conditions

key words: cherry, irrigation, rainfall, yield, chemical composition, light soil

Summary:

Field experiments were done in 2002–2004 on sandy soil. Crop productivity of cherry (cv. ‘Kelleris’ i ‘Łutówka’) was tested on different water regime (O – con-trol, W – under-crown- irrigation) and various level of nitrogen doses: 0NPK, 1NPK – 130kg N.ha-1 (40+ 30+60), 2NPK – 260 kg N.ha-1 (80+60+120). The ex-periment was designe by split-plot method in 7 replications. Among the trees was the lawn but in the rows the selective herbicide was used. Irrigation was applied when tensiometer show that potential of soil water was lower than 0,01 MPa. De-pending on rainfall the amount of supplemental irrigation equel 27,5–61,3 mm of water during vegetation period. The paper also presents the results of study on the effect of rainfall and total irrigation rates during vegetation on the content N, P, K,Ca, Mg, sugar, vit. C and dry matter of cherry. The cultivars had similar production capabilities. Irrigation significantly increased the yield, by 1,96 t.ha-1 (36,5%). The highest yield of cherry (6,78 t.ha-1) was obtained from plants, which had been fertilized with 260kg N.ha-1. After three years of the research the content of N, P, Mg, sugar, vitamin C in fruit decreased compare to control plots. Higher mineral fertilization caused decrease of Mg and sugar content in fruit, and in-creased the N, K, Ca, vitamin C .

Citation:

Podsiadło C., Jaroszewska A., Rumasz-Rudnicka E., Kowalewska R. 2009. Changes of chemical composition of fruit of cherry cultivated on different water and fertilizer conditions. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2009/ 03