In the Polish and Ukrainian Carpathians there are natural spills of oil and natural gas emissions. Often these are agricultural areas. Knowledge of these areas complements the infrastructure for spatial information in the European Community (INSPIRE). Inventory of natural resources can flow to assess environmental risks, the technical condition of wells, the required levels of security. Investments are needed including Polish heritage to protect the natural environment. These places are a testament to the original and developing Polish oil mining (in XIX century). Of all countries, only Austrian Galicia and Bukovina had ground resins. In 1885 created the first national and foreign oil companies on the current Polish land and the Ukrainian. They favored the creation of mining law and oil those years (laws and regulations years 1854, 1862, 1883-1884, 1906, 1908, 1915, 1919, 1926, 1928 and 1934-1935). As a result of the mines were exhausted and many of the war was abandoned and forgotten places. The political and economic transformations of recent years give rise to a deficit of oil on the open European market. This determines the return to the Polish oil resources in the area of the Carpathian.