Blueberry high response of 'Spartan' and 'Patriot' to drip irrigation

key words: drip irrigation, yield, highbush blueberry, dry matter, weight of 100 fruits

Summary:

Field experiment was done in Agriculture Experiment Station Lipki near Szczecin. As objects of studies were 8, 9,10 and 11 years old blueberry plants cul-tivated on the acid brown soil belong to good rye complex. Before planting between the rows of plants 10 cm layer of sawdust obtained from coniferous trees was spread and mixed with the soil. Evaluated growth and yielding of two varieties ‘Spartan' and ‘Patriot' irrigated and not irrigated. Plants were irrigated using dropping lines with emitters collocated every 30 cm with total efficiency of 2,4 l.h-1. Tensiometers show the need of irrigation. Field and plants were irrigated when soil suction power was bigger than -0,01 MPa. Every year blueberry plants were fertilized with 60 kg N.ha-1 and doses of P and K depended on their concen-tration in soil. Total doses of water used for irrigation depended on yearly pre-cipitation equal in 2006y.-300 mm, 2007y.- 40 mm and in 2008y. - 200 mm, 2009y.-127,5 mm Blueberry cv. ‘Spartan' was more productive (10,84 t.ha-1) than ‘Patriot' (9,68 t.ha-1). As effect of supplemental irrigation average crop of ‘Patriot' variety increased by 8,65 t.ha-1 and ‘Spartan' by 8,54 t.ha-1. Weight of 1000 fruits depended on variety, year of cultivation and water conditions. Irrigation significantly increased weight of 100 fruits and decreased content of dry matter.

 

 

Citation:

Koszański Z., Rumasz-Rudnicka E., Jaroszewska A., Kowalewska R. 2011. Blueberry high response of 'Spartan' and 'Patriot' to drip irrigation. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2011/ 05