The traditional Polish wooden architecture is disappearing. The causes of this phenomenon are different. However, the biggest threat has been (the disap-pearance of traditional folk housing has been lasting for decades) and is caused by the factors of the economic and social nature.This thesis deals with issues of the rules of isolating architectural regions characteristic for Malopolska areas. The author made an attempt of a synthetic separation of the features connected with the local wooden architecture. Chosen examples of buildings from the analyzed area were shown, existing in forms of outdoor museums or as an example of a new housing estate which was built based on the traditional design. Both, the first and the second form of protection is very valuable from the point of view of the possibility of passing the constructional tradition of the discussed area to further generations.The conclusions at the end concern both the legislation, which rules have to be elaborated constantly so that the losses of the remaining In situ buildings were as small as possible, and other, just as important problems, from which we should mention: propagation, examination, and cataloguing of folk wooden architecture of Malopolska.