Evaluation of needs and effects of winter oilseed rape grown under sprinkler irrigation in the region of Bydgoszcz

key words: sprinkler irrigation, winter oilseed rape, the increase in seed yield, the efficiency of irrigation

Summary:

The paper presents the results of a four-year (2007/08-2010/11) field ex-periment with oilseed rape cultivar 'Californium' grown under sprinkler irrigation, conducted in a sandy soil in Research Centre ‘Mochełek' set in the vicinity of By-dgoszcz, owned by the Faculty of Agriculture and Biotechnology, University of Technology and Life Science.During the spring vegetation of winter oilseed rape in subsequent years occurred uneven needs of irrigation, mostly in May and June. On average 102.5 mm of water was used and seasonal dose ranged from 55 mm in the year 2009 to 150 mm in 2008. In three of four years, the need of irrigation in winter oilseed rape occurred most in late April and May, and May and June. During the years of experiment, the winter oilseed rape yielded on average at the level of
4.19 t.ha-1, but in the consecutive growing seasons the yield was unstable; lowest yield of 2.99 t.ha-1 was collected in 2011, and the highest of 5.45 t.ha-1 in 2009. The use of irrigation resulted in an increase in seed yield by an average of 1.36t.ha-1 (29.3%). The largest increase in seed yield due to sprinkler irrigation (2.00t.ha-1) was obtained in 2011 by applying dose of 130 mm of water. The highest efficiency of 1 mm of water (19.6 kg of seeds) was obtained in 2009 using water dose of 55 mm.

Citation:

Dudek S., Kuśmierek-Tomaszewska R., Żarski J., Szterk P. 2013. Evaluation of needs and effects of winter oilseed rape grown under sprinkler irrigation in the region of Bydgoszcz. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2013/ 02 (1 (Jun 2013))