The impact of agriculture on the changes of the landscape based on an example of the agricultural loess catchment in the Lublin Upland

key words: cultural landscape, water erosion, tillage erosion, terrace cultivation

Summary:

This paper presents the results of studies showing the effect of erosion processes on the evolution of the loess catchment landscape in the conditions of intensive farming in the Lublin Upland spreading over such rural lands as Wielkopole and Zamostek. The research is based on: the inventory of erosion damage on the surface wash; the measurement of the water and suspension runoff in the discharge section line closing the catchment; the execution of studies concerning the upgrading the structure and leveling-soil profile on the slope of transverse-slope crop. The study shows a high risk of water and tillage erosion of the area in question. Being subject to intense anthropogenesis, erosion processes led to the occurrence of a specific mosaic agricultural landscape with: a dense network of dirt roads; great number of long and narrow agricultural parcels situated on the separated by high edges terraces; poor woodiness of the catchment; and the mosaic of soil types and subtypes. The natural landscape has been transformed into a cultural one and the return to its original appearance is impossible due to the still existing anthropopressure.

Citation:

Mazur A. 2013. The impact of agriculture on the changes of the landscape based on an example of the agricultural loess catchment in the Lublin Upland. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2013/ 03 (3 (Sep 2013))