The influence of geo-composite, drip-irrigation and methods of planting on the quality of peach trees obtained in short cycle of nursery material production

key words: peach tree, rootstock with bud, ridge, irrigation, geo-composite, quality of planting material

Summary:

The quality of one -year -old peach trees of 'Saturn' cv. on Manchurian seedling rootstocks was estimated in this experiment. The rootstocks with ‘sleeping bud' were planted in spring 2012 directly into the orchard in two different ways: traditionally -in the holes and in ridges, with a spacing of 4 x 1.5 m. The factors of the study were: the method of planting and different levels of soil humidity, obtained by the use of: drip irrigation, geocomposite and combinations: geocomposite with 50% the dose of irrigation. Geo-composite had the capacity of 1.6 L and consisted of: superabsorbent, inner plastic net, and outer nonwoven fabric.
Preliminary studies have shown the usefulness of technology based on shorter production of nursery cycle, by planting rootstock with buds to the orchard. A requirement for using of this method is to provide the best conditions for the growth of maiden trees. Favorable conditions for the development of maiden peach trees in the orchard ensured planting in ridges. The high quality of one-year-old peach trees were obtained with traditional planting and under control conditions. Regardless of the method of planting, strong growth and high quality parameters of maiden trees has also provided by drip irrigation, especially in the cultivation in ridge. No effect on the quality of peach trees was observed in case of geocomposite.

Citation:

Szewczuk A., Gudarowska E., Czaplicka–Pędzich M. 2015. The influence of geo-composite, drip-irrigation and methods of planting on the quality of peach trees obtained in short cycle of nursery material production. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2015/ II (1 (Apr 2015))