Preliminary effect of long time used sodium chloride against winter slippery on roadside trees and soil along main national road No 12

key words: soil salinity, soil alkalization, soil pH, sodium uptake and accumulation, salinity stress

Summary:

The aim of the local study and chemical analyses was identification of the impact of transport pollution connected with removing winter ice and snow from the roads on roadside plants and soils. The study was conducted near the main road no 12 in central Poland, in 4 locations. Plants and soil along the roads are particularly exposed on many stresses and injuries. As consequence of long time of application salts to maintain safe driving conditions on the road, side soil is exposure for contamination and high accumulation of sodium and chloride ions. During the experiment soil and leaves samples were taken for chemical analysis and EC or pH determination. Observation of trees and leaf-blade damage were also made. High soil salinity an pH were observed in the direct roadside. Values are decreasing when the distance from the road curb is increasing. In case of salinity data are becoming statistically not important at 7-8 m from the road curb. Whereas pH values of soil samples from the field are acidity compared to samples taken from the roadside that are alkaline. The results indicate that sodim chloride de-icing affects of sodium downloading by the native species of trees grown along the road at least of 25 years. Amount of sodium ions in the leaves of alien species such as Acer saccharinum, Quercus rubra and Robinia pseudoacacia did not differ according to control ones, and there were any damage or leaf- burning symptoms observed .

Citation:

Marosz A. 2016. Preliminary effect of long time used sodium chloride against winter slippery on roadside trees and soil along main national road No 12. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2016/ I (1 (Mar 2016))