DETERMINATION OF IRRIGATION REQUIREMENTS AND CROP COEFFICIENTS USING WEIGHING LYSIMETERS IN PERENNIAL PLANTS

key words: ornamental nurseries, evapotranspiration, crop coefficient Kc, weighing lysimeter, automatic irrigation systems

Summary:

The increasing role of perennials in ornamental nurseries requires the elaboration of efficient and accurate irrigation control of this specific group of plants. The experiment was conducted in 2015 in Research Institute of Horticulture, in Skierniewice. The aim of the study was to determine the water requirements and designate the specific evapotranspiration crop coefficient Kc of several perennials, commonly grown in Polish ornamental nurseries. Water requirements of perennials were evaluated using weighing lysimeters. At the same time the recorded climate parameters allowed to calculate the potential evapotranspiration (ET0). Lysimeter measurements and meteorological data allowed determine specific to each species crop coefficient (Kc). The Kc values were determined by dividing ETc by ET0. The obtained results showed that irrespectively of plant growth phase there is strong correlation between climate parameters and real crop evapotranspiration (ETc) of six evaluated perennials: Anemone hupehensis 'Prinz Heinrich', Echinacea purpurea ‘Guava Ice', Hemerocallis, ‘Sandra Elisabeth', Salvia nemorosa ‘Mainacht' and Veronica spicata ‘Royal Candles Glory'. The Kc coefficients of all species were changed during the growth season and increased according to plant development and percentage of ground coverage of soil in the lysimeter by leaves. The strong, positive correlation was shown for daily and hourly calculated crop evapotranspiration and potential evapotranspiration (ET0) obtained from weather station. Determination of crop coefficients for ornamental perennials is essential for precise calculation of water doses and irrigation controlling in the nurseries.

Citation:

Treder J., Treder W., Klamkowski K. 2017. DETERMINATION OF IRRIGATION REQUIREMENTS AND CROP COEFFICIENTS USING WEIGHING LYSIMETERS IN PERENNIAL PLANTS. Infrastruktura i Ekologia Terenów Wiejskich. Nr 2017/ III (2)

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Konstytucji 3-go Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice

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Konstytucji 3-go Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice mail:waldemar.treder@inhort.pl tel: 46 8345246

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Konstytucji 3-go Maja 1/3, 96-100 Skierniewice